Two tropical cyclones—Hurricane Arthur and a tropical depression—formed in July 2014 in the North Atlantic Basin, Gulf of Mexico, or Caribbean Sea, according to the National Weather Service/National Hurricane Center’s (NHC) monthly tropical weather summary for the North Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico, issued by the NHC at 8 a.m. EDT on August 1, 2014. The August 1, 2014, report and other monthly summaries, along with maps, public advisories, and links to satellite photos, and other information during the Atlantic tropical storm season (June 1-November 30) are available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/index.shtml.
Here is an excerpt from the August 1 report: “Based on a 30-year (1981-2010) climatology, one named storm forms in the basin in July, with a hurricane occurring about once every other year. In terms of accumulated cyclone energy, which measures the combined strength and duration of tropical storms and hurricanes, activity in the [Atlantic] basin so far in 2014 has been near normal.”
Also from the August 1 report, here is the NHC’s list of all tropical storms this year through July, with their dates of occurrence and maximum wind speeds:
(abbreviations: H = hurricane; MH = major hurricane; TD = tropical depression; TS = tropical storm):
H Arthur – Jul. 1-5 – 100 mph
TD Two – Jul. 21-23 – 35 mph
When completed, reports on individual 2014 storms (including tracks) will be available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2014atlan.shtml.
Right on the heels of the NHC’s report for July, as of August 1 the season’s second named storm, Tropical Storm Bertha, was just east of the Caribbean Sea and was predicted to enter the Caribbean by August 2 and approach Puerto Rico that day.
Below is an August 1 satellite photo of TS Bertha.
Tropical Storm Bertha (lower right of photo) just east of the Caribbean Sea, 8/1/14, 1:45 p.m. EDT. Photo taken from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Web site at http://www.goes.noaa.gov/browsh.html, on 8/1/14, 2:45 p.m. EDT.