Adaptation to climate change by states in this country and by countries around the world is the subject of products released from two universities in fall 2014.
First, in October 2014, the Georgetown Climate Center, based at Georgetown University Law School in Washington, D.C., released an online tool for learning about what states are doing to adapt to the impacts of climate change, including the risks posed by rising sea levels for coastal states like Virginia. The “State Adaptation Progress Tracker” is available online at http://www.georgetownclimate.org/adaptation/state-and-local-plans. For an overview of the tool, see the Center’s 10/9/14 news release, online at http://www.georgetownclimate.org/find-out-which-us-states-are-making-progress-in-preparing-for-climate-change. You can contact the Center at Georgetown Law, 600 New Jersey Avenue, Washington DC 20001; phone (202) 661-6566; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site home page: http://www.georgetownclimate.org/.
Second, in November 2014, the University of Notre Dame released its latest annual Global Adaptation Index, referred to as ND-GAIN. According to ND-GAIN Web site, at http://gain.org/, the Index “is a navigation tool that helps corporate and development leaders manage risks exacerbated by climate change such as over-crowding, food insecurity, inadequate infrastructure and civil conflicts.” The Index ranks a country’s level of vulnerability in several areas (such as food, human health, and water) and the level of readiness for adaptative actions in their economy, government, and society. The Index then combines the two rankings into an overall ranking of climate-change preparation. In the 2014 report, the five top-ranked countries (out of 178 ranked) were Norway, New Zealand, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark; and the five bottom-ranked countries were the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Eritrea, and Chad. The United States was ranked 8th. For an overview of the 2014 report, see the university’s 11/5/14 news release, online at http://gain.org/press-releases/2014-nd-gain-results-show-norway-most-prepared-climate-change.