On November 30, 2014, the National Hurricane Center in Miami, Florida, published its final monthly summary and its season-end report for the 2014 tropical storm season in the Atlantic Basin (North Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico). The Atlantic season runs June 1-November 30. The report is available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/MIATWSAT.shtml.
No tropical storms formed during November 2014. The Hurricane Center’s report noted that during the period 1981-2010, a named tropical storm has formed in November in about 7 out of every 10 years, and a hurricane has formed about every other year.
Overall during 2014, eight named storms occurred, six of which became hurricanes and two of those became “major” hurricanes (Category 3 or above). The annual average seen during the 30-year period 1981-2010 is 12 named storms, six hurricanes, and three major hurricanes. The report also noted that the “accumulated cyclone energy” for 2013—combining strength and duration of storms—was about 63 percent below the 1981-2010 average.
Below is the Hurricane Center’s list of all tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes in the Atlantic basin in 2014, with their dates of occurrence and maximum wind speeds (H = hurricane; MH = major hurricane; TD = tropical depression; TS = tropical storm):
H Arthur – Jul. 1-5 – 100 mph
TD Two – Jul. 21-23 – 35 mph
H Bertha – Aug. 1-6 – 80 mph
H Cristobal – Aug. 23-29 – 85 mph
TS Dolly – Sep. 1-3 – 50 mph
MH Edouard – Sep. 11-19 – 115 mph
H Fay – Oct. 10-13 – 75 mph
MH Gonzalo – Oct. 12-19 – 145 mph
TS Hanna – Oct 22-28 – 40 mph
When completed, reports on individual 2014 storms (including tracks) will be available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2014atlan.shtml. The archive of Hurricane Center advisories on these storms is available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2014/.
Below is the Hurricane Center’s graph of preliminary (subject to verification) tracks of Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes in 2014, as of 12-2-14.
A November 24, 2014, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) news release on the 2013 tropical storm season (available online at http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2014/20141124_hurricaneseasonwrapup_2014.html) noted the following about the Atlantic and Pacific tropical storm seasons:
“The Atlantic hurricane season…will be remembered as a relatively quiet season as was predicted. … Fortunately, much of the U.S. coastline was spared this year with only one land-falling hurricane along the East Coast. … Meanwhile, the eastern North Pacific hurricane season [May 15-November 30] met or exceeded expectations with 20 named storms – the busiest since 1992. Of those, 14 became hurricanes and eight were major hurricanes. … Two hurricanes (Odile and Simon) brought much-needed moisture to the parts of the southwestern U.S., with very heavy rain from Simon causing flooding in some areas. … In the central North Pacific hurricane basin [June 1-November 30 season], there were five named storms (four hurricanes, including a major hurricane, and one tropical storm). … The most notable storm was major Hurricane Iselle, which hit the Big Island of Hawaii in early August as a tropical storm, and was the first tropical cyclone to make landfall in the main Hawaiian Islands since Hurricane Iniki in 1992. Hurricane Ana was also notable in that it was the longest-lived tropical cyclone (13 days) of the season and the longest-lived central Pacific storm of the satellite era.”
Below is an October 16, 2014 (11:45 a.m. EDT) satellite photo of Hurricane Gonzalo (category 4 at the time), southwest of Bermuda. Gonzalo reached the highest wind speed (145 mph) of any Atlantic basin storm in 2014. (Photo taken from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Web site at http://www.goes.noaa.gov/browsh.html, on 10/16/14, 12:30 p.m. EDT.)