Category Archives: Non-Virginia

A Five-Year Look-back on Superstorm Sandy in Coastal New Jersey, from the October 29, 2017, PBS NewsHour

On October 29, 2017, the  PBS NewsHour broadcast “Five years after Sandy, locals torn on flood protection,” available online at  The 10 min./9 sec. segment focuses on rebuilding in coastal New Jersey, particularly the town of Sea Bright and the questions there of whether and what to build for flood protection.

National Hurricane Center’s Graphical Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook for 2 Days and 5 Days, as of October 10, 2017

Here’s a look at the National Hurricane Center’s (NHC) Atlantic tropical weather outlook for the next few days.  The Virginia Water Central News Grouper posts these outlooks approximately weekly (depending on the level of weather activity) during the Atlantic tropical storm season (June 1-November 30).

As of 2 p.m. EDT on Tuesday, October 10, 2017, Tropical Storm Ophelia was located in the mid-Atlantic Ocean, about 780 miles west of the Azore Islands, which in turn are several hundred miles west of Portugal.  The storm was being predicted to move eastward through Sunday, October 15.  Shown below are the NHC’s two-day and five-day graphical tropical weather outlooks as of  2 p.m. EDT on October 10, accessed at

Tropical storms 2 day Oct10Tropical storms 5 day Oct10

Managed Aquifer Recharge, Storage, and Recovery in 2017 Arroyo from the Arizona Water Resources Research Center, September 2017 Water Resources Impact from AWRA, July/August 2017 Colorado Water, and Other Information Resources

Managed aquifer recharge, storage, and recovery—that is, the intentional recharge of groundwater aquifers with surface water or wastewater, for storage and potential future recovery—was examined in detail in three water newsletters in 2017.

“Arizona Water Banking, Recharge, and Recovery,” by Noah Silber-Coats and Susanna Eden, is the feature article in the 2017 issue of The Arroyo, an annual newsletter from the University of Arizona Water Resources Research Center.  The 16-page article examines in detail Arizona’s program of recharging groundwater aquifers with surface water (particularly Colorado River water from the Central Arizona Project) and the complicated legal and management arrangements involved.  The publication is available online at, or contact the Arizona center at (520) 621-9591, or e-mail:

The concept, history, and current examples of managed aquifer recharge in United States and beyond are the focus of the September 2017 issue of Water Resources Impact, published by the American Water Resources Association (AWRA; headquatered in Middleburg, Va.).  The publication devotes 30 pages in 10 feature articles by invited authors to the subject.  The publication is available online at The publication is available online at; or contact AWRA at P.O. Box 1626, Middleburg, VA 20118-8390; (540) 687-8390;

“Aquifer Storage and Recovery” is the theme of the July/August 2017 issue of Colorado Water, from the Colorado State University Water Center and the Colorado Water Institute.  The 42-page newsletter builds upon a symposium on subsurface water storage held at Colorado State University in November 2016.  The issue is available in the newsletter archive online at; or contact the Colorado Water Institute at 1033 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins CO 80523-1033; (970) 491-6308;

Following are some other information resources on this topic.

Standard Guidelines for Artificial Recharge of Ground Water – from the American Society of Civil Engineers/Environmental and Water Resources Institute.  Before presenting detailed standards for planning and implementing managed aquifer recharge projects, the document provides introductory material on groundwater recharge concepts and terms.  The document is available online (as a PDF) at

Prospects for Managed  Underground Storage of Recoverable Water – published in 2008 by the National Research Council.  The 350-page report is available online at

The Ninth International Symposium on Managed Aquifer Recharge – held in June 2016 in Mexico City.  The symposium Web site is

MAR Portal developed by the International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre, located in The Netherlands, online at  The portal offers information on managed aquifer recharge (MAR) sites around the world and regional MAR suitability maps.

September 2017 Atlantic Tropical Storm Summary from the National Hurricane Center Issued October 1, 2017

On October 1, 2017, the National Hurricane Center issued its latest monthly report on the Atlantic tropical storm season; that report was available online at, as of October 2.  Following is an excerpt from that report.

“Four tropical cyclones formed, all of which became hurricanes, and three of those four became major hurricanes.  Hurricane Irma was also present in the basin as a major hurricane during the month, although it formed in late August.  Both Irma and Maria reached category 5 intensity during the month of September.  Based on a 30-year climatology (1981-2010), the number of named storms forming in the basin during September was near average, but the numbers of hurricanes and major hurricanes were both well above average.

“In terms of the Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE), which measures the combined strength and duration of tropical storms and hurricanes, September 2017 was the most active month on record, easily breaking the previous record of September 2004.

“Overall, this September was about 3.5 times more active than an average September from 1981-2010.  From a seasonal perspective, activity in the Atlantic basin so far in 2017 is well above average, and this season is the 3rd most active on record to date in the basin, behind 1933 and 2004.”

Also from the report for September 2017, here is the NHC’s list of all tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes this year through September, with their dates of occurrence and maximum wind speeds (abbreviations: H = hurricane; MH = major hurricane; TD = tropical depression; TS = tropical storm):

TS Arlene – Apr. 19-21 Apr – 50 mph
TS Bret – Jun. 19-20 – 45 mph
TS Cindy – Jun. 20-23 – 60 mph
TD Four – Jul. 6-7 – 30 mph
TS Don – Jul. 17-18 – 50 mph
TS Emily – Jul. 31-Aug. 1 – 45 mph
H Franklin – Aug. 6-10 – 85 mph
H Gert – Aug. 13-17 – 105 mph
MH Harvey – Aug. 17-Sep. 1 – 130 mph
MH Irma – Aug. 30-Sep. 12 – 185 mph
MH Jose – Sep. 5-Sep. 22 – 155 mph
H  Katia – Sep. 5-Sep. 9 – 105 mph
MH Lee – Sep. 15-Sep. 30 – 115 mph
MH Maria – Sep. 16-Sep. 30 – 175 mph

When completed, reports on individual 2017 storms (including tracks) will be available online at

Below is the Hurricane Center’s graph of preliminary (subject to verification) tracks of Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes in 2017 through September, accessed at, 10/2/17.
Tropical Storms Sep 2017

Climate Change Adaptation in Miami Beach, Fla., is Focus of AWRA Webinars on Oct. 4 and Oct. 18, 2017

In October 2017, two one-hour Webinars on climate change adaptation in Miami Beach, Fla., will be presented by the the American Water Resources Association (AWRA; headquartered in Middleburg, Va.; main Web site:

October 4 – Miami Beach’s Aggressive Action Toward Climate Change Adaptation, Part 1.

October 18 – Adaptation Strategies for Miami Beach, Part 2: Green Infrastructure, Resilience, and Groundwater.

Both events begin at 1 p.m. Eastern Time.  Registration is free to AWRA members and $25 for non-members.  More information and registration is available online at  Descriptions of previous AWRA Webinars are also available at that site.


Safe Wastewater Use in Agriculture is Focus of 2016 United Nations Publication

Safe Use of Wastewater in Agriculture: Good Practice Examples was published in 2016 by the United Nations (UN) University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources.  Part of UN efforts begun in 2011 to focus on the use of wastewater in agriculture, the book presents 17 case studies of good practices from Africa, Asia, and Latin America.  The book is available online (direct link to PDF at

Hurricane Irma Information Sources as of Sep. 13, 2017

Hurricane Irma’s observed rain totals and wind reports, through 11 p.m. EDT on September 11, 2017, are available from the National Weather Service’s Weather Prediction Center at College Park, Md., online at

National Hurricane Center (NHC) information on Irma is available online at

The NHC Web site for current advisories, tracks, etc., of tropical storms is

Following are links to some southeastern U.S. news media sources that covered Irma:
Atlanta Journal-Constitution, online at;
Key West Citizen, online at;
[Jacksonville] Florida Times-Union, online at;
Miami Herald, online at;
Puerto Rico Monitor (English), online at;
Tampa Tribune, online at;
Virgin Islands Daily News, online at

Following are links to other sources of information on Irma:
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA):
Governor of Alabama:;
Governor of Florida news releases:;
Governor of Georgia news releases:

Below is a graph of Irma’s wind history, taken from the NHC Web site at; followed by a satellite photo of Irma on September 7, as the storm was moving across the northern Caribbean Sea islands and heading towards Florida (landfall there on September 12).

Irma windsIrma